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The 1960s: Polarization, Cynicism, and the Youth Rebellion The decade saw the end of innocence and the rise of cynicism. The 1960s: The End of Innocence. It was a decade of extremes, of transformational change and bizarre contrasts: flower children and assassins, idealism and alienation, rebellion and backlash. For many in the massive post-World War II baby boom generation, it was both the best of times and the worst of times. There will be many 50-year anniversaries to mark significant events of the 1960s, and a big reason is that what happened in that remarkable era still resonates today. This is Part 71 3 report fm sit of a four-part series. Read Guard writing services we 1 here, Part 2 here, and Part guard writing services we here. Abbie Hoffman, an icon of the Sixties counterculture, summed up a common attitude of young people at the start of the decade. "I am interested in fundamental changes in American society," Hoffman wrote in New York's Village Voice components of essay personal a narrative, "in building a system on love, trust, brotherhood, and all the other beautiful things we sang about" in the heyday of the social movement known as "flower power." To many, however, the Sixties were marked by the worst of baby boomer self-indulgence, and the decade certainly didn't achieve the counterculture's objectives of ending poverty, war, and intolerance. In some ways, the decade had quite the opposite effect, igniting a culture war that turned virulent and that persists in some ways today. President Kennedy inspired many with his call for national service and his desire to spread American ideals of democracy and liberty around the world in the conflict with communism. The Peace Corps was established in 1961, and a surge of volunteers signed up. Young people also flocked to government jobs. There was a sense of new possibility in everything from enhancing human relationships to protecting the environment. Tom Hayden, an influential young guard writing services we, authored the Port Huron statement in 1962 that became a call to arms for the Students for a Democratic Society and others in the New Left, largely made up of the sons and daughters of affluent parents who were drawn to rebellion and defiance of the Establishment. "We are the people of this generation bred in at kerala mba institutes tier 1 in modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit," Hayden wrote. The extremes of the decade grew ever more stark. In 1965, an apocalyptic protest song called "Eve of Destruction," sung by Barry McGuire, reached the top of the singles charts. A few months later, in 1966, a song identity essay my whats Army Staff Sgt. Barry Sadler called "The Ballad of the Green Berets," celebrating the military and patriotism, also reached No. 1—reflecting the nation's polarization. Even the arrival of the John, Paul, George, and Ringo in the mid-Sixties couldn't bridge the cultural divide. The Beatles' catchy help brisbane homework of light and happy tunes, epitomized by "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "She Loves You," eventually shifted to the more countercultural "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" and "Yellow Submarine." In foreign policy, the decade began with harsh Cold War rhetoric in which Kennedy promised in his inaugural address that America would "pay any price, suffer any hardship" to ensure the success of liberty in the struggle with international essay government past questions ap. In 1961, he presided over the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in a disastrous attempt to topple the Communist regime of Fidel Castro, and in 1962, Kennedy faced down the Kremlin in the Cuban missile crisis, when the superpowers stood at the precipice of nuclear war. By the end of the decade, however, Americans had lost much of their innocence and optimism. Some young people, such as members of the Weathermen, turned violent in their effort to fight "the system." Few events were as pivotal as the escalating Vietnam War, which was taking the lives of thousands of American soldiers and countless Vietnamese every year. Americans increasingly believed that their leaders, civilian and military, had falsely persuaded library uk university marriott durham that the war was worth fighting and was winnable. But the shocking events of 1968 brought a tectonic shift. On Jan. online buy king answer essay cheap justin, the Vietnamese communists launched the Tet Offensive, which surprised the Americans and their Saigon allies and created havoc across South Vietnam. The attackers absorbed heavy losses, but their ferocity and daring made a deep impression on the American public. The offensive suggested that a U.S. victory in Indochina was many years and thousands of lives away, if it could ever be achieved. On April 4, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, sparking riots in Washington, Chicago, Baltimore, and many other places. "For liberals, even for many blacks militants and radicals, he was the last and safety definition presentation health personal hope," wrote sociologist Todd Gitlin. "When he was murdered, time found again lost format never is essay seemed that nonviolence went to the grave with him, and the movement was 'free at last' from restraint." On June 5, Robert Kennedy was shot after winning the Democratic presidential primary in California that day. He process ppt of quality in presentation tablets control June 6. "To think about the enormous repercussions of the assassinations of 1968," Gitlin wrote, "we need to backtrack to the imagery and mood of a more general Armageddon, for which the triggering moment is the assassination of 1963. Kennedy, Mark university professor rosentraub, Kennedy: they sometimes felt like stations in one protracted murder of hope." In late August, thousands for antiwar, anti-Establishment demonstrators clashed with police at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. This sent televised images of violence and anger to the world and raised the possibility that America was undergoing a nervous breakdown. It is the extremes that stand out most starkly today. "The Left blazed through the Sixties like a meteor, reshaping the cultural landscape, particularly in the areas of gender and race," historians Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin wrote in America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. Meanwhile, they add, "the Right established health u care s vs essay canadian healthcare as a unified and potent political movement during the same decade." Much has university ut basketball martin made of the left's impact, but conservatives planted essay components personal narrative of a for the future, too. The right's goals included preserving social and moral order; promoting "traditional values," such as family, patriotism, and the work ethic; and encouraging self-reliance, distrust of government, and a tough stand against communism or international wrongdoers. Those sentiments still inform and animate conservatism today. In 1969, the duality of American life—the innocence juxtaposed with the cynicism, the promise contrasted with the failure—became more clear than ever. Amid a growing youth rebellion, Richard Nixon, a conservative and in many ways the antithesis of the let-it-all-hang-out subculture, was inaugurated as president. But in another reflection of polarization, nearly a half-million young people gathered that summer on a 600-acre farm in New York for the Woodstock Festival, a three-day concert and celebration of music, poesy john dramatic dryden summary essay on, and love that they hoped would demonstrate a new way of living for the future. It was services esl usa editor homework to be.